Pruning trees properly is one of the best ways to ensure that they are vibrant and healthy all year round. Unfortunately, there is no cut and dry, one size fits all method to pruning trees. So it takes a bit of learning and practice to learn how to do it well. Fortunately, this illustrated guide is here to help you. Let’s break it down.
One of the most common mistakes DIY landscapers (aka homeowners) makes is installing trees too close together. You need to look ahead and see the forest and the trees. Remember, that 10-foot tall red alder is going to grow up to be as much as 120 feet tall, and 40 or 50 feet wide.
When spacing trees always consider the full-grown height and width of the trees. While a tree may limit its growth slightly when other trees are planted nearby. You can pretty much bet that a tree will reach at least 80% of its maximum height. And you need to plant accordingly.
There are 3 types of pruning; structural pruning, fruit pruning, and ornamental pruning. The type of pruning you will utilize will largely depend on the variety of trees and your specific goals. For example, you will prune a pine tree, differently than you will prune a crape myrtle.
Structural pruning involves suppressing the growth of a tree in areas that have bark inclusions. Spacing the main branches along the dominant trunk. Identifying the lowest branches in the permanent canopy and preventing branches from growing beneath it.
The main components of ornamental pruning are reducing or maintaining the plant's size. Removing unsightly growth, and shaping the tree with an artistic form.
At the end of the day, tree pruning is a balance between utility and art. And it can take decades to master the art of pruning trees. Fortunately, there are a lot of great guides like this one to show you the way. This infographic was made by Urban Forest Pro, check them out for more great tips on how to maintain your healthy trees.
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