New Haven, Connecticut, is a city on the coast of the Long Island Sound in the south-central part of the state. New Haven is about 40 miles south of Hartford and 20 miles northeast of Bridgeport.
New Haven has a population of 130,000. The city’s population consists prominently of immigrants, including those from Ireland, Italy, and Russia.
Multiple companies have their headquarters in New Haven. NewAlliance Bank and the fiber optic connector company Amphenol are both based out of the city. The Peter Paul Candy Manufacturing Company also has its headquarters in New Haven. The company produces the Almond Joy and Mounds candy bars. The Hershey Company owns Peter Paul today and uses the entity as a candy-making division.
The Governor John Davis Lodge Turnpike or I-95 goes through the southern part of New Haven and leads to New York City and Boston. The New Haven Line of the Metro-North Railroad goes through the city and brings passengers to New York’s Grand Central Station. More than 125,000 people ride on the transit line every weekday.
New Haven, CT, was originally occupied by the Quinnipiac tribe. About 500 Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony settled New Haven in 1638 to create a community that was connected to the church instead of to Massachusetts. Yale University was established in the city in 1701. The harbor along New Haven became an active site for taking in ships. The city’s district court hosted the trial of slaves on the Amistad ship in 1839, an event that was a vital influence on the anti-slavery movement. The Knights of Columbus were formed in New Haven in 1882.
Yale University is based out of downtown New Haven. The Ivy League school is one of the most prominent universities in the world. About 13,000 students attend classes at Yale every year, although the school has some of the most stringent admission standards in the country. The university is home to such noteworthy schools as the Yale School of Medicine, the Yale Divinity School, and the Sheffield Scientific School.
New Haven is home to the Hopkins School, a private college-prep school. The school has been in operation since 1660, thus making it one of the oldest schools in the country.
The Knights of Columbus is headquartered in New Haven. The organization is a Catholic fraternal organization dedicated to public service.
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